The circumstances that surround dangerous driving occasioning grievous bodily harm are basically the same as that with dangerous driving occasioning death.
That is why the penalty for this offence is lower. Under Crimes Act 1900, a person is guilty of dangerous driving occasioning grievous bodily harm if the vehicle driven by that person is involved in an impact occasioning grievous bodily harm to another person and the driver of the vehicle at that time was driving
Traffic offences are considered "Major Offences" under the law and thus attract heavy fines, periods of licence disqualification and possibly terms of imprisonment.
A person charged with a driving offence involving serious injury may be dealt with in either the Local or District Court. Either the defendant or prosecution can elect to have the matter dealt with in the District Court. If the matter is dealt with in the District Court the procedure is the same as for offences involving death.
If the matter is to be dealt with in the Local Court the person will be sentenced following a plea of guilty or the court will hold a hearing to determine the person’s guilt following a plea of not guilty.